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RBI sets up system to settle trade in rupees

July 12, 2022

RBI sets up system to settle trade in rupees
The Reserve Bank of India said on Monday that it was putting in place a framework to settle international transactions in rupee. In a notification, the central bank said that its aim was to “promote the growth of global trade and to support increasing global interest in the rupee”. 

The move will allow India to bypass orders that prevent using a global currency such as the US dollar for trade with certain countries, according to Moneycontrol. For example, India has been willing to trade with Russia but several countries have imposed sanctions on its banks and restricted Moscow’s ability to carry out transactions in major currencies. 

A rupee settlement mechanism will allow India to circumvent these sanctions and trade using the domestic currency. 

In its notification, the RBI said banks would need to take its permission before setting up the rupee trade settlement mechanism. For enabling the mechanism, banks would need to create special rupee vostro accounts for the banks of the trading partner countries. 

A vostro account allows a bank to hold money on behalf of another lender. 

Indian importers using this mechanism will be paying in rupees that will be credited into the vostro account of the bank of the trading partner country against the invoices for the supply of goods or services. 

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